This Agreement Serves To Make The President More Accountable To Congress During Times Of War
Attorney General Jackson`s statement, which supported President Roosevelt`s transfer to Britain of 50 obsolete American destroyers in exchange for the right to establish naval and air bases in the British colonies of the Western Hemisphere, based his case in part on the president`s constitutional authority as commander-in-chief of the army and navy. The President`s parallel approach to strengthening the U.S. defence position through the creation of a common Canadian-American defence council can also be seen as the exercise of the executive chief`s powers as commander-in-chief and his power to enforce U.S. foreign relations. For both the destructive agreement and the Canadian initiative, the President`s action was limited to the exercise of the so-called war powers. Report Outline Roosevelt`s Defense Moves and War Powers Sources of Chief Executive`s War Powers President`s Powers as Commander-in-Chief Statutory Powers Delegated by Congress On June 17, the day France complained about peace, Senator Pepper (D., Fla.) asked Congress to entrust the president with “the whole war for the preparation and defense of America.” A repeat of this proposal on August 14 sparked a lengthy Senate debate on the president`s war powers. Senator Connally (D., Tex.) noted that he heard many senators speak of “full war power,” noting that the Supreme Court had repeatedly ruled that “the Constitution means the same thing in times of war as in peacetime, and that a condition of war does not change any constitutional provision in any way.” Many of the extraordinary powers exercised by the president in times of war are vested in him by law, Congress defines general objectives and fundamental principles, but has entrusted the head authority with the task of developing detailed means of enforcing the legislation. Moreover, the existence of a state of war involves some of the indefinite but nevertheless extensive powers enjoyed by the President in his capacity as commander-in-chief of the army and navy, or which stem from other tasks imposed on the Executive Chief by the Constitution. These latter powers, derived from the Constitution, cannot be transferred by Congress and no justification for their exercise could probably be found other than in times of war or threat of war.