What Does Host Government Agreement Mean
With the election of Dilma Rouseff in Brazil on October 31, 2010, she is expected to continue the Labor Party`s efforts to establish a production-sharing regime for the massive discoveries of choice off Rio de Janeiro and the surrounding countries. A new state-controlled unit, commonly known as Petrosal, will be the chairman of each pre-salt business committee, and it will be an institution dedicated to managing the Brazilian government`s participation in salt activities and serving as a driving force for social and community development. The model is similar to that in Norway, but it will be on an unprecedented scale, with a considerable impact on the future social well-being of the Brazilian population. Humanitarian aid can support the national capacity to respond to a disaster, to respond when governments are absent, or to intervene to protect and assist civilians trapped in conflict. With an increase in need and funding, the number of people entering the field has also increased. Today, an estimated 450,000 humanitarian workers work worldwide, with 11 UN agencies, more than 780 international NGOs (INGO), about 3,500 national humanitarian non-governmental organizations and the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement6. If external voters are refugees, agreements can also ensure that participation in elections does not become a means of repatriating these populations until the conditions for their return are met. Agreements may stipulate that the external voting programme does not prevent or delay the voluntary repatriation of refugees living in the host country. A number of semi-written measures between IOM and countries hosting Iraqi refugees contained a language to that effect to ensure that the principle of non-refoulement – the principle set out in the 1951 Convention on the Status of Refugees – that no state can deport or return a refugee to an area where his or her life or liberty would be threatened on the basis of race. Religion, nationality or political opinion — respected.
On the other hand, in the case of Bosnia and Herzegovina, where the external vote was largely by post, the Dayton Agreements provided for the repatriation of refugees during the election period, noting that “the exercise of a refugee`s right to vote is interpreted as confirmation of his intention to return to Bosnia and Herzegovina. The return of refugees should be underway by election day, so that many people can participate personally. If an electoral process provides for the end of a peace agreement (and the end of humanitarian aid programmes and related refugees), the requirement for refugees to return to their country of origin to vote may violate the principle of non-refoulement.