Anglo German Agreement 1890
The Helgoland-Zanzibar Treaty (German: Helgoland-Zanzibar Treaty) was an agreement signed on 1 July 1890 between the German Empire and Great Britain. The English-German contract (July 1, 1890) The misleading name of the contract was introduced by former Chancellor Otto von Bismarck, who wanted to attack his despised successor Caprivi to conclude an agreement that Bismarck himself had entered into during his management. However, Bismarck`s nomenclature implied that Germany had traded an African empire for a small Helgoland (pants for button).  This was taken with zeal by imperialists who complained of “treason” against German interests. Carl Peters and Alfred Hugenberg advocated the creation of the All-German Association, which took place in 1891.  reached the following agreement on behalf of their respective governments, after discussing various issues relating to the colonial interests of Germany and Great Britain: the entire German sphere in East Africa, with the exception of the coastal strip, 10 miles deep, now owned by Zanzibar. The British Majesty`s ambassador, extraordinary and plenipotentiary, Sir Edward Baldwin Malet, only within the limit set by the Treaty of Zanzibar or the law of Brussels – i.e. 5 per cent. in one case and 10 per cent. in the other. No date has been set for the adoption of the protectorate.
With regard to the second paragraph, it would be unfair and apolitical to request the confiscation of domestic slaves in a Muslim country as soon as it is placed under the protection of the United States; But it will be our duty, by all means, to ensure the abuses and to ensure the effective work of the Brussels law, which will guarantee its gradual extinction. In response to a question from Mr. O`KELLY (Roscommon) on U.S. membership, he said that, as I recall, the United States took an exceptional position at the conference. The Member will recognise, I believe, that this will be replaced by the Brussels law. Unlike the other documents relating to Jus Mundi, these arbitration awards were awarded between two private parties and were initially confidential. I ask the Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs to ask him if he has been warned that this is the case under Article VIII. the Anglo-German agreement obliged the two powers to apply the Berlin law in all areas of their respective fields when the first five articles are applicable “on the date of this agreement”; whether it was intended, in these terms, to end this law by the two governments as signatories in 1532 of the Berlin Law, with regard to territories that might be detained after the signing of the Anglo-German agreement or which could be under the influence of one of these two powers; and if, as part of this agreement, the German government can authorise the exemption of tariffs on the continental territory of the Sultanate of Zanzibar, should the coast be ceded by the sultan while maintaining the tariffs which are then balanced against British trade? That was certainly not the intention.